Inter J Stomatol ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (6): 657-665.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2018.06.007

• Materials • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress on polyetheretherketone in oral implantology and prosthodontics

Xi Chen,Haiyang Yu()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Prosthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2017-12-20 Revised:2018-06-28 Online:2018-11-01 Published:2018-11-15
  • Contact: Haiyang Yu
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(81571006);This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(81771113)


Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a linear aromatic polymer with excellent mechanical properties and chemical stability. PEEK has been widely used in aerospace, automobile and precision instrument manufacturing, and other high-tech fields. In addition, the reliable bio-safety, suitable elastic modulus, and good surface properties of PEEK materials have made it widely used in the medical field. Currently, the application of PEEK and its attraction among scholars are gradually increasing in stomatology applications, such as implants, temporary abutment, and fixed and removable denture materials. In this article, the research progress of PEEK on oral implantology and prosthodontics is reviewed.

Key words: polyetheretherketone, implant, osseointegration, fixed partial denture, removable partial denture

CLC Number: 

  • R783.1


Fig 1

Chemical structure of PEEK monomer unit"

Tab 1

Elastic modulus and tensile strength of different materials"

材料 弹性模量/GPa 拉伸强度/MPa
PEEK 3~4 80
碳纤维加强PEEK 19~150 120
102~110 954~976
骨密质 14 104~121
釉质 40~83 47.5
牙本质 15 104

Tab 2

Comparison of different planting abutment materials"

基台材料 弹性模量(弯曲强度)/GPa 断裂韧性/(MPa·m-2 维氏硬度/(kg·mm-2 基台
102~117 55 263~330 一体式或二件式
78~100 20~40 130~250 一体式
钴铬合金 240 100~150 350~390 一体式
致密烧结氧化铝 380~410 3.5 1 200 一体式
氧化锆 170~410 3.5~20 1 200~1 750 一体式或二件式
二硅酸锂 90~100 2.0~3.3 560~591 二件式
混合陶瓷 10.8~63.0 0.85~2.65 255~700 二件式
PEEK 4.0 1~7 110 二件式

Fig 2

PEEK clasp"

Fig 3

Mandibular PEEK stent removable partial denture"

Tab 3

Three unit fixed restorations breaking load of different materials"

修复体材料 断裂载荷/N
PEEK/PEEK复合材料 1 738~2 354[57](平均2 055)
硅酸锂玻璃陶瓷 950
In-Ceram氧化铝 851[58]
In-Ceram氧化锆 841[59]
氧化锆 981~1 331[60]
PMMA等复合材料 268~467[58]

Tab 4

Tensile adhesion strength of different materials and resin adhesive after surface sandblasting"

材料 拉伸粘接强度/MPa
氧化锆 21.9~42.8[69]
硅酸锂陶瓷 37.9~49.5[70]
金基合金/钯基合金 17.0~20.0[71]
PEEK(使用预处理剂) 40.0~69.0[66]

Fig 4

Buccal view of PEEK resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis"

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