Int J Stomatol ›› 2023, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (2): 152-158.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2023031

• Implantology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress on implantoplasty in the treatment of peri-implantitis

Lu Qian(),Xia Haibin,Wang Min.()   

  1. Dept. of Oral Implantology, Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2022-09-15 Revised:2022-12-26 Online:2023-03-01 Published:2023-03-14
  • Contact: Min. Wang;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(82071095)


Peri-implantitis is one of the most common biological complications after implant restoration. The implant threads are exposed due to the peri-implant bone loss and gingival recession. Exposed rough surfaces are more prone to plaque accumulation than smooth surfaces. Implantoplasty is the implant surface modification through the removal of exposed threads and antibacterial decontamination of the implant surface by using a series of rotary instruments. This me-thod has shown promising results in the treatment of peri-implantitis by removing the entire outmost infected layer of titanium and reduce the roughness and plaque adhesion of implant surface. This article reviews the treatment procedure, the-rapeutic effect, postoperative problems, and complications of implantoplasty.

Key words: implantoplasty, peri-implantitis, dental implant, rotary instruments

CLC Number: 

  • R 783


Tab 1

Commonly used rotary instruments"

金刚砂车针(diamond burs)106、40、15、8、4 μm粒度;花蕾状/蛋状去除种植体表面污物及螺纹
碳化钨车针(carbide cutting burs)红色(普通);白色(细)去除种植体表面污物及螺纹
碳化硅磨石(silicon carbide stones)绿色棒柱状去除种植体表面污物及螺纹
硅胶抛光器(silicone burs)Brownie(棕色锥状);Greenie(绿色锥状)进一步抛光平整种植体表面
阿肯色石(Arkansas stone)锥状/棒柱状/球状进一步抛光平整种植体表面
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