Int J Stomatol ›› 2022, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (4): 471-475.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2022069

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress on Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome in oral mucosal diseases

Chen Siting(),Zhong Xiong,Meng Wenxia.()   

  1. Dept. of Oral Medicine, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, China
  • Received:2021-10-02 Revised:2022-02-12 Online:2022-07-01 Published:2022-06-28
  • Contact: Wenxia. Meng;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81500850)


Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a cytoplasmic macromolecular protein complex that recognizes bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens, as well as a variety of danger signals. It plays an important role in the immune system’s resistance to pathogen invasion. NLRP3 inflammasome also induces the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 by activating caspase-1, thereby causing an inflammatory response. Previous studies confirmed that NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important regulatory role in autoimmune and infectious diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular infections. However, the current research on NLRP3 inflammasome in oral mucosal diseases is still in its infancy. Combined with the related research at home and abroad in recent years, this paper briefly summarizes the research progress on the correlation between NLRP3 inflammasome and common oral mucosa diseases (such as oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous ulcer, and autoimmune bullous diseases) and provides reference for the further study and application of NLRP3 inflammasome in oral mucosal diseases.

Key words: Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome, oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous ulcer, autoimmune bullous disease, Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome inhibitor

CLC Number: 

  • R 781.5

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