Int J Stomatol ›› 2019, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (4): 413-419.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2019059

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Psychological status of orthodontic adolescents

He Yuwei1,Zhang Zhijun1,Xie Yulang1,Liang Yinghao2()   

  1. 1. Beiping Dental Clinic, Dazhou 635000, China
    2. Teacher Education College, Sichuan University of Arts and Science, Dazhou 635000, China
  • Received:2018-10-22 Revised:2019-03-18 Online:2019-07-01 Published:2019-07-12


Objective To examine mental health status between adolescents with fixed appliance and those who did not receive orthodontic treatment. Methods The adolescent mental resilience scale, self-esteem scale, Chinese big five personality inventory (brief version), self-rating depression scale, self-rating anxiety scale, subjective well-being questionnaire, life satisfaction questionnaire, and appearance satisfaction questionnaire were used. A total of 689 adolescents (229 adolescents with fixed orthodontics as experimental group, 231 adolescents requiring treatment but without orthodontic treatment as control group, 229 untreated adolescents without orthodontic needs as blank group) were investigated using psychological questionnaires. The mental state of each group was analyzed statistically, and differences among groups were compared.Results The ranking of mental resilience level among the groups in decreasing order was experimental, blank, and control groups. The experimental group showed the highest self-esteem level, followed by the control group and then the blank group. In the big five personalities, the neuroticism of experimental group was lower than that of the control and blank groups. The experimental group showed higher conscientiousness, openness, and extraversion compared with the control and blank groups. The experimental group showed the highest agreeableness, followed by the control group and then the blank group. The experimental group showed lower levels of depression and anxiety compared with the blank and control groups. The blank group showed the highest subjective well-being index, followed by the control group and then the experimental group. The experimental group showed the highest life satisfaction, followed by the blank group and then the control group. The experi-mental and blank groups showed higher appearance satis-faction compared with the control group.Conclusion The psychological status of adolescent orthodontic patients was different from that of their peers who did not undergo orthodontic treatment. During treatment, positive psychological factors should be fully mobilized to achieve improved prognosis. Adolescent patients with malocclusion should be treated in a timely fashion to improve their psychological status and promote physical and mental health development.

Key words: adolescents, orthodontic treatment, psychology, mental resilience, big five personalities, self-esteem

CLC Number: 

  • R78


Tab 1

Comparison of psychological status and group differences among adolescents in different groups"

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