Inter J Stomatol ›› 2016, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 118-.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2016.01.028

Previous Articles    

Fluoride application for dental caries prevention and control in children and adolescents

Feng Ruzhou, Liu Juan, Lü Changhai   

  1. Dept. of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, The Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650031, China
  • Received:2015-07-07 Revised:2015-10-08 Online:2016-01-01 Published:2016-01-01


Fluoride is an essential trace element of the human body. Fluoride can prevent dental caries; its mechanisms in caries prevention mainly include enamel solubility reduction and enamel remineralization enhancement. Fluoride can also affect tooth morphology and inhibit bacterial metabolism and plaque formation. This element has been used to prevent dental caries in systemic and topical ways. Systemic fluoridation includes the following methods: water fluoridation, where appropriate fluoride concentrations are added to drinking water to prevent tooth decay; salt fluoridation, where fluoride is added to domestic salt to control and prevent dental caries; and milk fluoridation, where fluoride is added to milk as a vehicle to provide additional fluoride and prevent dental caries. Fluoride tablets and drops combine both local and systemic effects. Each systematic fluoridation method for caries prevention presents advantages and disadvantages. Different countries and areas should select the most appropriate systemic fluoridation method according to their situation. Topical fluoride use includes personal use of fluorides for caries prevention, such as fluoridated toothpastes, fluoride mouth wash, fluoride floss, and tea gargle. Many forms of professional fluoride agents are available, including fluoride solution, fluoride varnishes, fluoride gels, fluoride foam, fluoride-containing filling materials, and fluoride-releasing materials. Topical use of fluoride for caries prevention is effective; thus it is very commonly used in clinics and families.

Key words: fluoride, dental caries, prevention and control, progress

CLC Number: 

  • R 781.1

[1] Min Zhang,Haoyuan Wan. Research progress on drug and laser therapy for peri-implantitis [J]. Int J Stomatol, 2020, 47(4): 463-470.
[2] Wei Zhongwu,Huang Xieshan,Chen Zhuogeng. Application and research progress on concentrated growth factor in oral clinic [J]. Int J Stomatol, 2020, 47(2): 235-243.
[3] Bi Xiaoqin,Xiong Maojing,Chen Lixian,Bai Yuanyan,Tian Li,Yang Hui. Nursing prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia in oral and maxillofacial surgery [J]. Int J Stomatol, 2020, 47(2): 244-248.
[4] Wang Xiaobo,Lin Shiyao,Li Xia. Research progress on the relationship between mother and childhood dental caries [J]. Int J Stomatol, 2019, 46(4): 469-474.
[5] Jing Wang,Yan Wang,Chuandong Wang,Ruijie Huang,Yan Tian,Wei Hu,Jing Zou. Application of liquorice and its extract to the prevention and treatment of oral infections and associated diseases [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2018, 45(5): 546-552.
[6] Ding Jie, Song Guangtai.. Clinical application of minimally invasive techniques in the management of children’s dental caries [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2018, 45(4): 473-479.
[7] Wang Zhi. Diagnosis and clinical treatment of labial injury of systemic diseases [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2018, 45(2): 125-131.
[8] Fang Hongzhi, Tian Yuanyuan, Yu Xuan, Yang Yingming, Yang Hui, Hu Tao. The influence of exogenous dextranase and sodium fluoride on biofilm of Actinomyces viscosus under different sucrose concentration conditions [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(6): 654-659.
[9] Gao Xuebin, Zhang Qi, Li Jing, Bi Ye, Yang Hua, Huang Yang. A clinical study on the choice of etching agent for pit and fissure sealing in younger children [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(4): 433-436.
[10] Liu Jinli, Chen Fangman, Jiang Lu.. Drug management of oral submucous fibrosis [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(3): 325-331.
[11] Dai Zhi, Hou Min, Zhang Chunxiang. Progression of mandibular retrognathism caused by progressive condylar resorption in orthognathic surgery [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(3): 359-362.
[12] Zheng Liwei1, Zou Jing1, Xia Bin2, Liu Yingqun3, Huang Yang4, Zhao Jin5. Restoration of preformed metal crown on dental caries of primary molars [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(2): 125-129.
[13] Wang Yuxia, Zhou Xuedong, Li Mingyun.. A review on the role of Veillonella in caries and its interaction with Streptococcus [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2017, 44(2): 195-199.
[14] Fang Li, Liu Yuan, Yang Ran, Zou Jing. Comparison of Streptococcus mutans in saliva before and after dental caries filling with resin-based composite [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2015, 42(1): 28-30.
[15] Xu Pengcheng, Xu Xin, Zhou Xuedong. Calcium and phosphorus remineralization and its system [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2014, 41(3): 347-350.
Full text



[1] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(06): .
[2] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(06): .
[3] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(06): .
[4] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(06): .
[5] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(06): .
[6] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(05): .
[7] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(05): .
[8] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(04): .
[9] . [J]. Foreign Med Sci: Stomatol, 1999, 26(04): .
[10] . [J]. Inter J Stomatol, 2008, 35(S1): .