国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 324-330.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2018.03.015

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

孕前口腔保健及遗传咨询

关淑元, 周媛, 周学东, 郑黎薇   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心 四川大学华西口腔医院儿童口腔科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-15 修回日期:2017-12-01 出版日期:2018-05-01 发布日期:2018-12-13
  • 通讯作者: 郑黎薇,教授,博士,Email:liwei.zheng@scu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:关淑元,硕士,Email:564748382@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81470711)

Preconception oral health care and genetic counseling

Guan Shuyuan, Zhou Yuan, Zhou Xuedong, Zheng Liwei   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2017-06-15 Revised:2017-12-01 Online:2018-05-01 Published:2018-12-13
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81470711).

摘要: 备孕阶段的女性往往会忽视口腔检查,而且妊娠期间口腔疾病不仅治疗困难,还可能会对母体及胎儿造成严重的影响。因此,改善备孕期女性的口腔健康具有十分重要的意义。此外,许多口腔遗传病表现为先天性颌面畸形,会严重影响患儿的生活质量,因此,开展孕前遗传咨询可以帮助咨询者了解口腔遗传病,分析评估疾病的再发风险。本文将阐述孕前及孕期口腔健康教育、常见口腔疾病的防治方法以及孕前遗传咨询的相关内容。

关键词: 妊娠, 口腔疾病, 口腔治疗, 健康教育, 遗传咨询

Abstract: Women preparing for pregnancy often overlook oral health examination. Oral diseases are not only relatively intractable, but may also have a serious impact on the mother and fetus. Therefore, ensuring the oral health of pregnant women is important. Many oral genetic diseases exhibit congenital maxillofacial deformities, thus seriously affecting the quality of life. Preconception genetic counseling can help people understand oral genetic diseases and assess the recurrence risk. This article explains the preconception and pregnancy oral health education, common methods of prevention and treatment of oral diseases, and genetic counseling of related content.

Key words: pregnancy, oral disease, oral treatment, health education, genetic counseling

中图分类号: 

  • R780.1
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