国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (1): 119-124.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2021009

• 综述 • 上一篇    

口腔黏膜瘙痒症的病因与治疗

陶慧骞,但红霞()   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心 口腔黏膜病国家临床重点专科 中国医学科学院口腔黏膜癌变与防治创新单元 四川大学华西口腔医院黏膜病科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-26 修回日期:2020-09-10 出版日期:2021-01-01 发布日期:2021-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 但红霞
  • 作者简介:陶慧骞,硕士,Email: 293933558@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81572663)

Etiology and treatment of pruritus of the oral mucosa

Tao Huiqian,Dan Hongxia()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Key Laboratory of Oral Mucosal Diseases & Innovation Unit of Oral Mucosal Carcinogenesis and Prevention, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Dept. of Oral Medicine, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2020-04-26 Revised:2020-09-10 Online:2021-01-01 Published:2021-01-20
  • Contact: Hongxia Dan
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China(81572663)

摘要:

口腔黏膜瘙痒症是发生于口内1处或多处黏膜的一种可引发搔抓欲望的不愉快感觉,引发舌部舔舐、咬嚼、用手搔抓,导致瘙痒—搔抓恶性循环,在一定程度上影响着患者的正常生活。口腔黏膜瘙痒症的发病原因复杂多样,可由口腔内的多种因素引发,也与多种口腔外的因素相关。随着民众口腔保健意识的加强,每年因口腔黏膜瘙痒而就诊的患者逐年增加。为了增进口腔医生对这一特殊症状的了解,提高相关疾病的诊疗效率,本文就口腔黏膜瘙痒症的病因与治疗作一综述。

关键词: 口腔黏膜, 瘙痒, 病因, 治疗

Abstract:

Pruritus of oral mucosa is a kind of unpleasant feeling at one or more sites of the mucous membrane in the mouth that can cause scratching desire. It triggers tongue licking, biting, and hand scratching, leading to an itch-scratch cycle. It affects the daily life of patients to various extent. The causes of pruritus of oral mucosa are complex and diverse, involving both intra-oral and extra-oral factors. With the increasing demand of oral health care, many patients are searching for advice to solve this problem. The purpose of this review is to summarize the potential etiology and treatment options of pruritus of the oral mucosa in order to help the clinicians with the management of this symptom.

Key words: oral mucosa, pruritus, etiology, treatment

中图分类号: 

  • R781.5

图1

口腔黏膜瘙痒症的治疗"

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