国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (3): 356-361.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020065

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

味觉异常的病因和治疗研究进展

田国莉,江潞,陈谦明,曾昕()   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心四川大学华西口腔医院口腔黏膜病科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-05 修回日期:2020-04-07 出版日期:2020-05-01 发布日期:2020-05-08
  • 通讯作者: 曾昕 E-mail:zengxin22@163.com
  • 作者简介:田国莉,住院医师,硕士,Email:1051165418@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81771081)

Research process on parageusia etiology and treatment

Tian Guoli,Jiang Lu,Chen Qianming,Zeng Xin()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Oral Medicine, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2019-09-05 Revised:2020-04-07 Online:2020-05-01 Published:2020-05-08
  • Contact: Xin Zeng E-mail:zengxin22@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81771081)

摘要:

味觉异常是一种以味觉异常变化为特征的疾病,易导致患者出现食欲不振、体重减轻、营养不良,严重时甚至影响其身心健康,使其生活质量降低。味觉异常的病因、发病机制尚不明确,可能的致病因素较繁杂,目前尚无公认有效的检查方法和治疗方式。该类患者大多选择先于口腔科就诊。本文总结了现有研究下的味觉异常的定义、分类、病因、检查方法、治疗方式、预后,以及常见的伴发于其他疾病的味觉异常,为口腔临床医生对于该类患者的诊疗提供备选方案。

关键词: 味觉异常, 病因, 检查方法, 治疗

Abstract:

Parageusia is a disease characterized by abnormal taste changes and implicated in the loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, and malnutrition. Parageusia can even affect the physical and mental health and reduce the quality of life of the patient. Currently, the etiology and pathogenesis of parageusia are still ambiguous. The possible pathogenic factors are complicated. To the best of our knowledge, no recognized effective examination method and treatment is available. Dentists are often the first clinicians to be visited by patients with taste changes. This paper summarizes the definition, classification, etiology, pathogenesis, therapy, and prognosis of parageusia and the common parageusia associated with different systemic diseases to provide management options for dental clinicians.

Key words: parageusia, causes, examinations, therapy

中图分类号: 

  • R339.13
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