国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (5): 516-521.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2018.05.004

• 种植专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

抗菌性口腔种植材料的研究进展

刘梦齐,盖阔,蒋丽()   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心 四川大学华西口腔医院全科门诊 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-03 修回日期:2018-04-26 出版日期:2018-09-01 发布日期:2018-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 蒋丽 E-mail:echojiang999@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:刘梦齐,学士,Email:1398978475@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31200720);四川省科技计划项目(2016FZ0069)

Research progress on oral implant materials with antimicrobial properties

Mengqi Liu,Kuo Gai,Li Jiang()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of General Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2017-09-03 Revised:2018-04-26 Online:2018-09-01 Published:2018-09-20
  • Contact: Li Jiang E-mail:echojiang999@gmail.com
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(31200720);Sichuan Science and Technology Program(2016FZ0069)

摘要:

种植牙因其舒适美观、稳固牢靠、不损伤邻牙等优点,受到人们的广泛关注。但由于缺乏天然牙那样相对完备的免疫防御系统,往往对细菌感染的抵抗力较弱。由此引发的种植体周围炎是导致种植失败的重要原因之一。为了降低种植体相关感染的发生率从而减少种植并发症,提高种植体本身的抗菌性成为目前研究的热点。本文针对近年来有关抗菌性口腔种植材料的研究作一综述,从材料组成、表面改性与抗菌涂层等方面归纳各方法的特点及抗菌效果,为抗菌性口腔种植材料的研究和临床应用提供参考。

关键词: 口腔种植, 抗菌性, 细菌黏附, 材料组成, 表面改性, 抗菌涂层

Abstract:

Dental implants have attracted widespread attention because of their many advantages, which include comfort, beauty, stability, reliability, and no damage to adjacent teeth. However, unlike natural teeth, dental implants usually present weak resistance to bacterial infection due to their lack of a complete immune defense system. Peri-implantitis is one of the major causes of implant failure. To decrease the incidence of oral implant-related infection and complications, enhancing the antibacterial properties of the implants is important. This paper reviews the research status of dental implant materials with antibacterial properties. It summarizes the characteristics and antibacterial effects of various methods from the aspects of material composition, surface modification, and antibacterial coating. This work seeks to provide a reference for future research and the clinical applications of oral implant materials with antibacterial properties.

Key words: dental implant, antibacterial property, bacterial adhesion, material composition, surface modification, antibacterial coating

中图分类号: 

  • R783.1
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