国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 589-594.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020098

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

种植体表面菌斑去污方式的体外研究进展

童子安(),姒蜜思()   

  1. 浙江大学医学院附属口腔医院种植科 浙江省口腔生物医学研究重点实验室 杭州 310006
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-10 修回日期:2020-05-30 出版日期:2020-09-01 发布日期:2020-09-16
  • 通讯作者: 姒蜜思
  • 作者简介:童子安,住院医师,硕士,Email: tongzian@zju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81401774)

Advances in the decontamination of plaque on implant surface in vitro

Tong Zian(),Si Misi()   

  1. Dept. of Oral Implantology, Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Research of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310006, China
  • Received:2020-01-10 Revised:2020-05-30 Online:2020-09-01 Published:2020-09-16
  • Contact: Misi Si
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81401774)

摘要:

种植体周围炎是指发生在植体周与菌斑相关的病理状态,以植体周黏膜炎症和进行性支持骨组织丧失为特征,已成为引起种植失败的主要原因之一。种植体表面去污是治疗该疾病的关键。目前研究的去污手段包括手工刮治、超声洁治、常压等离子体、激光、空气喷砂等物理方法,以及生理盐水、双氧水、氯己定、枸橼酸、光动力疗法等化学药物方法。物理方法侧重于对异物的清除作用,而化学方法则主要起到杀灭微生物的作用。在实际临床工作中,通常联用物理和化学去污手段以实现疗效的最大化。本文就目前关于种植体表面菌斑去污方式的体外研究进展作一综述。

关键词: 种植体周围炎, 菌斑, 体外研究, 去污

Abstract:

Peri-implantitis is a plaque-associated pathological condition that occurs in the tissues around dental implants. This condition is characterized by inflammation in the peri-implant mucosa and the subsequent progressive loss of supporting bone; thus, this disease leads to the failure of dental implants. Surface decontamination is a critical process in the treatment of this disease. Current debridement methods include physical and chemical decontamination methods, such as manual scraping, ultrasonic scaling, atmospheric pressure plasma, laser, air polishing, normal saline, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, citric acid, and photodynamic therapies. Physical methods focus on removing foreign bodies, whereas chemical methods are used to kill microorganisms. These decontamination methods are often combined in practical clinical practice to maximize their efficacy. This review summarizes the current in vitro studies on the decontamination of plaque on implant surface.

Key words: peri-implantitis, plaque, in vitro study, decontamination

中图分类号: 

  • R783.4
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