国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 144-147.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2017.02.005

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

成都市敬老院老年人口腔健康认知、行为的调查分析

黎静1, 陆倩1, 刘星辰1, 史宗道2   

  1. 1.口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 华西口腔医院(四川大学) 成都 610041;
    2.口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 华西口腔医学院口腔颌面外科教研室(四川大学) 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-24 出版日期:2017-03-01 发布日期:2017-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 史宗道,教授,博士,Email:13350069024@163.com
  • 作者简介:黎静,硕士,Email:837019676@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    2013年四川大学“大学生创新创业训练计划”基金(2013- 0658)

Analyzing the cognition and behaviors about oral health in Chengdu nursing home residents

Li Jing, Lu Qian, Liu Xingchen, Shi Zongdao   

  1. 、1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2016-04-24 Online:2017-03-01 Published:2017-03-01
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program for College Student of Sichuan University in 2013(20130658).

摘要: 目的了解成都市敬老院老年人的口腔健康认知、行为现状及相关影响因素分析。方法对成都市271名敬老院老年人进行口腔健康认知、卫生行为问卷调查。结果敬老院老年人口腔健康认知度偏低,不正确的口腔行为较多。不同文化程度、经济水平的老年人认知度不同。口腔健康认知水平不同,其口腔健康行为差异显著。结论文化程度、经济收入影响口腔健康认知度,为提高敬老院老年人口腔健康水平,应加强对其进行口腔健康教育,给予更多的口腔服务支持。

关键词: 敬老院, 老年人, 口腔健康, 认知, 行为

Abstract: Objective To investigate the cognition and behaviors about oral health of nursing home residents in Chengdu and analyze the influencing factors. Methods Oral health cognition and behaviors were surveyed made among 271 nursing home residents in Chengdu. Results Residents had low oral health cognition and incorrect behaviors. Moreover, the elderly with different levels of education and economy had varied oral health cognition, resulting in their oral behaviors being significantly different. Conclusion Educational and economic levels affected the oral health cognition of nursing home residents. Therefore, more oral education and services should be provided to improve their oral health.

Key words: nursing home, the elderly, oral health, cognition, behavior

中图分类号: 

  • R787
[1] Chalmers JM, Carter KD, Spencer AJ. Caries in-cidence and increments in Adelaide nursing home residents[J]. Spec Care Dentist, 2005, 25(2):96-105.
[2] Chen X, Clark JJ, Naorungroj S. Oral health in nursing home residents with different cognitive statuses[J]. Gerodontology, 2013, 30(1):49-60.
[3] Furuta M, Komiya-Nonaka M, Akifusa S, et al. In-terrelationship of oral health status, swallowing function, nutritional status, and cognitive ability with activities of daily living in Japanese elderly people receiving home care services due to physical disabilities[J]. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2013, 41(2):173-181.
[4] Freeman R, Linden G. Health directed and health related dimensions of oral health behaviours of pe-riodontal referrals[J]. Community Dent Health, 1995, 12(1):48-51.
[5] Pau AK, Croucher R. Oral health knowledge, beliefs and practices of a sample of Chinese elders in Inner London, UK, aged 54 years and over: a pilot inves-tigation[J]. Gerodontology, 1997, 14(2):106-112.
[6] 李磊, 施帆帆, 刘丹萍, 等. 城市社区老年人健康素养现状及影响因素分析——以成都市为例[J]. 现代预防医学, 2014, 41(21):3931-3935. Li L, Shi FF, Liu DP, et al. Research on the status and influencing factors of health literacy among urban community elderly residents—taking Chengdu city as an example[J]. Modern Prevent Med, 2014, 41(21):3931-3935.
[7] 刘国慧, 甄天民. 济宁市社区老年人口腔健康行为现状调查[J]. 济宁医学院学报, 2012, 35(1):48-50. Liu GH, Zhen TM. A survey of oral health behaviors of the elderly people in Jining community[J]. J Ji-ning Med Univ, 2012, 35(1):48-50.
[8] Gaszynska E, Szatko F, Godala M, et al. Oral health status, dental treatment needs, and barriers to dental care of elderly care home residents in Lodz, Poland [J]. Clin Interv Aging, 2014, 9:1637-1644.
[9] Que K, Guo B, Jia Z, et al. A cross-sectional study: non-carious cervical lesions, cervical dentine hype-rsensitivity and related risk factors[J]. J Oral Rehabil, 2013, 40(1):24-32.
[10] Heasman PA, Holliday R, Bryant A, et al. Evidence for the occurrence of gingival recession and non-carious cervical lesions as a consequence of trauma-tic toothbrushing[J]. J Clin Periodontol, 2015, 42 (Suppl 16):S237-S255.
[11] Murray Thomson W. Epidemiology of oral health conditions in older people[J]. Gerodontology, 2014, 31(Suppl 1):9-16.
[12] Krishna Rao SV, Mejia G, Roberts-Thomson K, et al. Epidemiology of oral cancer in Asia in the past decade—an update(2000-2012)[J]. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2013, 14(10):5567-5577.
[13] Hu DY, Hong X, Li X. Oral health in China—trends and challenges[J]. Int J Oral Sci, 2011, 3(1):7-12.
[14] Saarela RK, Soini H, Hiltunen K, et al. Dentition status, malnutrition and mortality among older ser-vice housing residents[J]. J Nutr Health Aging, 2014, 18(1):34-38.
[15] Petersen PE, Kandelman D, Arpin S, et al. Global oral health of older people—call for public health action[J]. Community Dent Health, 2010, 27(4 Suppl 2):257-267.
[16] Weening-Verbree L, Huisman-de Waal G, van Dus-seldorp L, et al. Oral health care in older people in long term care facilities: a systematic review of im-plementation strategies[J]. Int J Nurs Stud, 2013, 50 (4):569-582.
[1] 胡静,戴艳梅,冯昭飞. 基于氟牙症流行特征的天津市12~14岁青少年口腔健康抽样调查分析[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2019, 46(6): 650-656.
[2] 吴敏,刘曼,陈少武. 专科医生对孕期口腔保健的认知及实践现状[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2019, 46(1): 84-88.
[3] 游文喆, 夏斌. 精神/智力残疾儿童的口腔健康促进和维护[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2018, 45(4): 492-496.
[4] 林赳, 余钒源, 方欣怡, 哈品, 龚彩霞, 石冰. 儿童口腔健康相关生存质量量表信度与效度的验证研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2017, 44(4): 445-451.
[5] 邓岳佳1,王陈兵1,张曦木1,岳兆国1,刘云坤1,金震宁1,赵曼2. 赫尔老年人口腔健康评价指数与口腔健康影响程度量表评价中国西南地区农村中老年人口腔生存质量的对比研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(6): 632-635.
[6] 邹静1 秦满2 汪俊3 黄华4 林居红5 周学东. 儿童常见牙病与错牙合畸形[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(6): 619-623.
[7] 李昕怡,董伟. 釉基质蛋白促进牙周组织再生的研究进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(5): 600-605.
[8] 钟亦思1 尹伟1 李雪1 胡德渝1 胡涛1 沈海英2 王奋3. 口腔预防医学小组教学与社区实践相结合的教学模式探索[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(4): 384-387.
[9] 李炎钊,黄念全. 认知行为干预疗法对青少年正畸疗效的影响[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(2): 160-162.
[10] 孙秋华,肖丹娜,高辉,窦泽生. 大学生错牙合畸形与口腔健康相关生存质量的相关性[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(2): 156-159.
[11] 左艳萍,王路明,汪永跃. 成都和西安两地市民对种植义齿认知度的对比调查与分析[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2014, 41(6): 658-662.
[12] 刘亚蛟1 吴珺华2. 孤独症患者口腔诊疗中的行为控制与治疗方式选择[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2014, 41(5): 555-558.
[13] 仝春实1 邹永巍1 王雷1 宫俊霞2 李文然1 刘长欢1 卢建忠1. 维生素D及其与牙周炎的关系[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2014, 41(4): 474-477.
[14] 张舒 王璟综述 林云锋审校. 材料表面的微图形对细胞行为的影响[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2013, 40(4): 544-546.
[15] 景欢 吴也可 黄定明 李慧 廖莹 曾维 阮梦娇 张菁洋. 大学生口腔保健意识和饮食习惯的调查研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2013, 40(1): 20-23.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 王昆润. 二甲亚砜和双氯芬酸并用治疗根尖周炎[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(06): .
[2] 汤庆奋,王学侠. 17β-雌二醇对人类阴道和口腔颊粘膜的渗透性[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(06): .
[3] 潘劲松. 颈总动脉指压和颈内动脉球囊阻断试验在大脑血液动力学中的不同影响[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[4] 王昆润. 后牙冠根斜形牙折的治疗[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[5] 杨锦波. 嵌合体防龋疫苗的研究进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[6] 王昆润. 下颔骨成形术用网状钛板固定植骨块[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(04): .
[7] 汪月月,郭莉莉. 口腔机能与老化—痴呆危险因素流行病学研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(04): .
[8] 丁刚. 应用硬组织代用品种植体行丰颏术[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(04): .
[9] 戴青. 口腔念珠菌病的新分类[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(04): .
[10] 王金涛 刘美娟 孙宏晨 欧阳喈. 牙槽嵴牵张成骨[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2004, 31(02): 146 -148 .