国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (6): 739-744.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020092

• 综述 • 上一篇    

三维头影测量的研究现状和应用发展

张紫涵(),熊鑫,王军()   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心 四川大学华西口腔医院正畸科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-04 修回日期:2020-06-16 出版日期:2020-11-01 发布日期:2020-11-06
  • 通讯作者: 王军
  • 作者简介:张紫涵,硕士,Email: cho007@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81771114);成都市科技项目(2019-YF05-00349-SN)

Research status and application development of three-dimensional cephalometry

Zhang Zihan(),Xiong Xin,Wang Jun()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2019-12-04 Revised:2020-06-16 Online:2020-11-01 Published:2020-11-06
  • Contact: Jun Wang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81771114);Chengdu Science and Technology Program(2019-YF05-00349-SN)

摘要:

头影测量是正畸诊治过程中的重要分析手段,随着三维成像技术的发展,头影测量逐渐由平面化向立体化过渡。三维头影测量是指应用具有三维分析功能的软件,对患者颅颌面的锥形束计算机断层扫描(CBCT)图像进行测量与分析。与传统二维头影测量相比,三维头影测量在图像清晰度、准确性等方面具有明显优势,目前已成为研究热点。本文将从定点方式、标志点、参考平面、测量项目及分析和重叠这5个方面进行综述,详述三维头影测量的优势及研究现状,并对其发展进行展望。

关键词: 头影测量, 三维成像, 锥形束计算机断层扫描

Abstract:

Cephalometry is an important analytic measurement for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment and has gradually evolved from plane to stereoscopy with the development of three-dimensional imaging technology. In three-dimensional cephalometry, the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) craniofacial images of patients are measured and analyzed with three-dimensional analytic software. Compared with traditional two-dimensional cephalometry, three-dimensional cephalometry has overwhelming advantages on image definition and accuracy and thus has become a research focus. This review summarized the progress on three-dimensional cephalometry in five aspects: methods for identifying landmarks, landmarks, and reference planes; measurements and analyses; superimposition; advantages and research status; and future prospects.

Key words: cephalometry, three-dimensional imaging, cone beam computed tomography

中图分类号: 

  • R783.5
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