国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (4): 391-396.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020072

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

成都市7~9岁儿童第一恒磨牙牙体情况及窝沟封闭的效果分析

钟婷1,邓雅兰1,邵美瑛2,雷蕾1,李雪1,胡涛1()   

  1. 1.口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心四川大学华西口腔医院预防口腔科 成都 610041
    2.四川大学华西公共卫生学院 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-08 修回日期:2020-04-16 出版日期:2020-07-01 发布日期:2020-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 胡涛 E-mail:hutao@scu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:钟婷,博士,Email:2647465776@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    慢病防控—中西部地区儿童口腔疾病综合干预项目(002000001);四川省重点研发项目(2018SZ0139);四川大学专职博士后研发基金(2018SCU12013)

Analysis of tooth condition and the effect of the first permanent molar pit and fissure sealant in 7-9-year-old children in Chengdu

Ting Zhong1,Yalan Deng1,Meiying Shao2,Lei Lei1,Xue Li1,Tao Hu1()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Preventive Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
    2. West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2019-11-08 Revised:2020-04-16 Online:2020-07-01 Published:2020-07-10
  • Contact: Tao Hu E-mail:hutao@scu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by Comprehensive Intervention Project for Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases in Children’s Oral Diseases in Central and Western China(002000001);Key Research and Development Project in Sichuan Province(2018SZ0139);Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Sichuan University(2018SCU12013)

摘要:

目的 评估成都市7~9岁适龄儿童第一恒磨牙牙体健康状况、窝沟封闭1年后的效果,并分析窝沟封闭剂的保留情况及影响其保留率的因素。方法 对参与2017年中西部地区儿童口腔疾病综合干预项目的儿童的第一恒磨牙情况进行详细记录,并对可纳入的第一恒磨牙进行窝沟封闭,1年后复查其封闭和患龋情况。采用SPSS 22.0软件卡方检验对结果进行统计分析。结果 纳入629名儿童,共计1 877颗牙,窝沟封闭1年后完全保留率为87.75%,第一恒磨牙龋齿检出率为0.96%。其中,46牙窝沟封闭剂保留率为91.61%,36牙为88.25%,16牙为87.69%,26牙为84.40%。26牙的窝沟封闭剂保留率较低,与46牙的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.001)。以所在年级为影响因素分析,三年级儿童第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭剂保留率为89.34%,略高于二年级86.57%,但差异无统计学意义(P=0.071)。结论 第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭1年的保留率为87.75%,其中26牙最低,46牙最高,牙位也是窝沟封闭剂保留率的主要影响因素之一。

关键词: 窝沟封闭, 保留率, 第一恒磨牙,

Abstract:

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the health status of children aged 7-9 years in Chengdu City and explore the factors affecting the retention rate of their first permanent molars 1 year after the application of pit and fissure sealants. Methods Detailed examinations were conducted on the first permanent molars of children who participated in the Comprehensive Intervention Program for Children’s Oral Diseases in Central and Western China in 2017. The first permanent molars that met the criteria for pit and fissure sealants were sealed, and the sealant retention and caries were reviewed after 1 year. Results were analysed using chi-square test on SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 1 877 teeth were examined among 629 children. The complete retention rate was 87.75% a year after sealing and caries, detection rate of the first molars was 0.96%. Among these teeth, 46, 36, 16 and 26 had 91.61%, 88.25%, 87.69% and 84.40% retention rates, respectively. The retention rate of 26 teeth was lower than that of 46 teeth, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). When grade of schoolchildren was used as the factor, the retention rate of third grade was 89.34% which was slightly higher than that of second grade at 86.57%, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.071). Conclusion The retention rate of 1-year pit and fissure sealants was 87.75%. The 26 teeth showed the lowest retention rate, and 46 teeth had the highest retention rate. Tooth position is one of the main factors affecting the retention rate of pit and fissure sealants.

Key words: pit and fissure sealing, retention rate, the first permanent molar, caries

中图分类号: 

  • R780.1
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