国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 544-449.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2017.05.010

• 正畸专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

正畸治疗对上气道形态影响的研究进展

徐晶, 张晓蓉   

  1. 昆明医科大学附属口腔医院正畸科 昆明 650031
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-04 修回日期:2017-06-21 出版日期:2017-09-01 发布日期:2017-09-01
  • 通讯作者: 张晓蓉,主任医师,博士,Email:xiaorongzhang36@hot-mail.com
  • 作者简介:徐晶,硕士,Email:466457589@qq.com

Research progress on the effects of orthodontic treatment on the upper airway

Xu Jing, Zhang Xiaorong   

  1. Dept. of Orthodontics, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650031, China
  • Received:2016-12-04 Revised:2017-06-21 Online:2017-09-01 Published:2017-09-01

摘要: 上气道是由软硬组织围成的“生命腔隙”,在呼吸、言语等方面起着重要的作用,其大小及通畅与否将影响正常的呼吸与睡眠。上气道的形态大小受到周围软硬组织的影响,而正畸治疗常能改变上下颌骨及其周围软组织,从而改变上气道的形态及生理功能。近年来,随着人们对睡眠呼吸障碍疾病深入的认识,口腔正畸治疗对上气道的影响研究成为目前研究的热点。笔者将对目前的一些研究作一综述。

关键词: 上气道, 正畸治疗, 解剖形态, 影响因素

Abstract: The upper airway, which is regarded as the “lacuna of life”, is surrounded by hard and soft tissues and plays a very important role in breathing and phonating. The hard and soft tissues around the upper airway affect its size, patency, and morphology, which in turn affect normal breathing and sleeping. The upper and lower jaws and the soft tissues can be changed by orthodontic treatment, which changes the morphology and physiological function of the upper airway. In recent years, with a deeper understanding of sleep-related breathing disorders, research on the effects of the orthodontic treatment on the upper airway has become very popular. This paper illustrates recent studies on the progress of orthodontic treatment effects on the upper airway.

Key words: upper airway, orthodontic treatment, anatomic form, influencing factor

中图分类号: 

  • R783.5
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