国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 55-58.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2017.01.011

• ·论著· • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆地区不同人群上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度的锥形束CT测量分析

罗志强1, 2, 叶钟泰3   

  1. 1.苏州市口腔医院颌面外科 苏州 215000;
    2.新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院口腔颌面外科 乌鲁木齐 830000;
    3.深圳市第八人民医院口腔科 深圳 518100
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-01 出版日期:2017-01-01 发布日期:2017-01-01
  • 通讯作者: 叶钟泰,教授,博士,Email:yezhongtai@sina.com
  • 作者简介:罗志强,硕士,Email:luozhiqiang1029@sina.com

A study of maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness of different population in Xinjiang region using cone-beam CT

Luo Zhiqiang1, 2, Ye Zhongtai3   

  1. 1. Dept. of Maxillofacial Surgery, Suzhou Stomatological Hospital, Suzhou 215000, China;
    2. Dept. of Maxillofacial Surgery, People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, China;;
    3. Dept. of Stomatology, Shenzhen Eighth People’s Hospital, Shenzhen 518100, China
  • Received:2016-04-01 Online:2017-01-01 Published:2017-01-01

摘要: 目的通过锥形束CT(CBCT)测量不同人群上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度,为与上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度相关或经上颌窦外侧骨壁入路的手术,提供手术指导以及来评估术前风险和了解手术的难易程度。方法选择331例CBCT检查的影像资料中,牙位15、16、17、25、26、27对应上颌窦外侧骨壁完好的影像资料,通过Planmeca Romexis 3.1.0.R软件进行测量,对收集的数据运用SPSS 17.0软件包进行统计分析。结果所有资料中,上颌窦外侧骨壁几乎都是在16、26处骨壁最厚;所有数据中,最薄处骨壁见于上颌第二磨牙处,为0.5 mm,最厚处骨壁见于上颌第一磨牙处,为10.92 mm。相同牙位情况下,不同性别、不同民族及有、无牙间,除27男女间上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度的差别具有统计学意义(P<0.05),其余均无明显差异;不同年龄组间均无明显差异。结论CBCT可以很精确的测量上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度,年龄、性别、种族、有无牙情况对上颌窦外侧骨壁厚度并无太大影响,但不同牙位及个体间具体骨厚度表现出较大的差异。

关键词: 锥形束CT, 上颌窦外侧壁, 骨厚度

Abstract: Objective To evaluate maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness of different population by using cone-beam computed tomography(CBCT), in order to provide anatomical basis for operation guidance, preoperative risk assessment and surgical risk in operation which is closely related with the maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness. Methods Using Planmeca Romexis 3.1.0.R software to evaluate the 3D image data in all 331 samples which maxillary sinus lateral wall was taken from 15、16、17、25、26、27 in radiology department of People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Urgur Autonomous Region from April 2013 to October 2014. The data was analyzed with SPSS 17.0 software package. Results Male or female, Han people or Uyghur people, different age groups and presence or absence of tooth the maximum thickness of lateral wall were all almost located at 16 or 26. The minimum thickness of lateral wall was 0.5 mm, located at the second molar. The maximum thickness of lateral wall was 10.92 mm, located at the first molar. In the same location, between different gender, races, age groups and presence or absence of tooth, there were no significant differences(P<0.05), except the left second molar between male and female. Conclusion CBCT can precisely measure maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness. Age, gender, race and presence or absence of tooth have little influence on the thickness of lateral wall, however, there are large differences in the thickness of lateral wall between different location and individual.

Key words: cone-beam computed tomography, maxillary sinus lateral wall, bone thickness

中图分类号: 

  • R782
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