国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2013, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 152-155.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2013.02.004

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

成都市部分6~12岁孤残儿童患龋状况及防治探讨

蒋贤军  胡德渝  肖强  涂蕊  董滢   

  1. 四川大学华西口腔医学院口腔预防教研室  成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-29 修回日期:2012-12-20 出版日期:2013-03-01 发布日期:2013-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 胡德渝, Tel: 028-85501457
  • 作者简介:蒋贤军(1986—), 男, 四川人, 博士
  • 基金资助:

    民政部孤残儿童口腔疾病综合防治示范基金资助项目(C025)

Dental caries status of 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children in Chengdu and its prevention and treatment

Jiang Xianjun, Hu Deyu, Xiao Qiang, Tu Rui, Dong Ying.   

  1. Dept. of Preventive Dentistry, West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Chin
  • Received:2012-10-29 Revised:2012-12-20 Online:2013-03-01 Published:2013-03-01
  • Contact: Hu Deyu, Tel: 028-85501457

摘要:

目的了解成都市孤残儿童的患龋状况及相关性, 探讨其适宜的防治措施。方法调查成都市5个特殊学校6~12岁孤残儿童共280名, 以龋失补牙指数(DMFT/dmft)评估其患龋状况, 分析患龋的相关因素, 以配合度和残疾类型评估其防治工作的难度程度。结果所有调查对象的患龋率和龋均分别为59.6%和2.16±2.63, 其中乳牙患龋率和龋均各为46.4%和1.70±2.50, 恒牙患龋率和龋均各为23.9%和0.47±1.05, 乳牙和恒牙的龋齿充填率各为2.1%和7.6%。各患龋率及龋均在男性和女性间的差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。第二乳磨牙龋坏和第一乳磨牙龋坏呈较强相关关系(P<0.001, r=0.593)。配合度属于中高难度者占18.21%。结论孤残儿童的患龋率较高; 第二乳磨牙龋坏和第一乳磨牙龋坏呈较强相关关系, 可作为临床及预防工作中的龋风险评估指标; 部分孤残儿童的防治工作难度较大。

关键词: 孤残儿童, 龋病, 相关性, 配合度

Abstract:

Objective To investigate caries status of primary and permanent teeth among 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children in Chengdu and to discuss the appropriate measures of prevention and treatment. Methods A sample of 280 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children, were selected from 5 special schools in Chengdu. The index of decayed missing filled tooth(DMFT/dmft) was recorded to assess the caries status and analysis with carious related factors. Degree of compliance(DC) and types of disability were used to measure difficulty of preventive and treatment measures. Results The total prevalence rate of dental caries was 59.6%, the total mean DMFT/dmft was 2.16 ±2.63, caries rate with deciduous teeth was 46.4%, the deciduous teeth mean DMFT/dmft was 1.70±2.50, caries rate with permanent teeth was 23.9%, the permanent teeth mean DMFT/dmft was 0.47±1.05. Caries filling ratio of deciduous teeth was 2.1%, caries filling ratio of permanent teeth was 7.6%. The prevalence rate and mean DMFT/dmft between males and females showed no significant(P >0.05). There was a strong correlation between first and second deciduous molar(P<0.001, r=0.593). And DC of 18.21% children was medium and severe. Conclusion This study revealed a high level of dental caries status of 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children. There was a strong correlation between first and second deciduous molar, it may be used to assess caries risk in clinic and prevention. And it could be very difficult to prevent and treat in some children.

Key words: orphans and disabled children, caries, correlation, degree of compliance

[1] 崔钰嘉,孙建勋,周学东. 黄连素的生物学功能及治疗口腔疾病研究的进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2020, 47(1): 115-120.
[2] 陈艳艳,彭显,周学东,程磊. 定量光导荧光技术在龋病及牙周疾病诊治中的应用[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2019, 46(6): 699-704.
[3] 李业平,郑谦,尹恒,郭春丽,石冰,李承浩. 影响单侧唇裂鼻畸形二期整复主观评价结果的鼻测量指标探究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2019, 46(4): 407-412.
[4] 王晓波,林世耀,李霞. 母亲与儿童龋病关系的研究进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2019, 46(4): 469-474.
[5] 王静,王艳,王川东,黄睿洁,田燕,胡玮,邹静. 甘草及其提取物在防治口腔感染相关疾病中的应用[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2018, 45(5): 546-552.
[6] 丁杰, 宋光泰. 微创技术在儿童龋病治疗中的应用[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2018, 45(4): 473-479.
[7] 郑黎薇, 邹静, 夏斌, 刘英群, 黄洋, 赵今. 儿童乳磨牙金属预成冠的修复治疗[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2017, 44(2): 125-129.
[8] 王玉霞,周学东,李明云. 韦荣球菌与龋病和链球菌间的关系[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2017, 44(2): 195-199.
[9] 刘诗雨,何金枝,李明云. 白假丝酵母菌与龋病的相关性及其致龋机制[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2017, 44(1): 103-107.
[10] 周双双 郑欣 周学东 徐欣. 菌斑生物膜产碱代谢与龋病[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(5): 573-577.
[11] 郭春丽,尹恒,李承浩,石冰,郑谦. 影响腭裂患者复诊的因素及提高复诊率的措施探讨[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(4): 380-382.
[12] 魏斌,孙国文. 双膦酸盐及其相关性颌骨坏死的机制和治疗[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(4): 445-448.
[13] 冯汝舟 刘娟 吕长海. 氟化物在儿童和青少年龋病防治中的应用[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2016, 43(1): 118-.
[14] 王班超,史册,方滕姣子,常蓓,丛明宇,孙宏晨. 慢性硬化性涎腺炎的研究进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(2): 210-215.
[15] 唐金菊 杨永进. 幽门螺杆菌与复发性阿弗他溃疡的关系[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2015, 42(1): 89-92.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 张新春. 桩冠修复与无髓牙的保护[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(06): .
[2] 王昆润. 长期单侧鼻呼吸对头颅发育有不利影响[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[3] 彭国光. 颈淋巴清扫术中颈交感神经干的解剖变异[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[4] 杨凯. 淋巴化疗的药物运载系统及其应用现状[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[5] 康非吾. 种植义齿下部结构生物力学研究进展[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(05): .
[6] 柴枫. 可摘局部义齿用Co-Cr合金的激光焊接[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 1999, 26(04): .
[7] 孟姝,吴亚菲,杨禾. 伴放线放线杆菌产生的细胞致死膨胀毒素及其与牙周病的关系[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2005, 32(06): 458 -460 .
[8] 费晓露,丁一,徐屹. 牙周可疑致病菌对口腔黏膜上皮的粘附和侵入[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2005, 32(06): 452 -454 .
[9] 庞莉苹,姚江武. 抛光和上釉对陶瓷表面粗糙度、挠曲强度及磨损性能的影响[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2008, 35(S1): .
[10] 李子夏,包广洁. 龋病病因相关因素的激光扫描共聚焦显微镜研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2008, 35(S1): .