Int J Stomatol ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 595-600.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020096

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Factitious oral ulcer: causes, clinical characteristics, and treatment

Yue Jinhan(),Wang Fei,Xin Chuan,Yin Fengying,Chen Qianming,Zeng Xin()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Oral Mucosal Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2020-02-05 Revised:2020-06-02 Online:2020-09-01 Published:2020-09-16
  • Contact: Xin Zeng;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81771081)


Factitious oral ulcer is a kind of traumatic oral ulcer that is caused by harmful habits or self-injurious behaviors. In this article, we reviewed and summarized the epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, classification, and pathological characteristics of factitious oral ulcer. We mainly focused on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment characteristics to emphasize the essential role of abnormal mental and psychological behaviors in the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. Results of this study can help provide clear and standardized diagnosis and treatment ideas for clinicians.

Key words: factitious oral ulcer, deleterious habit, self-injurious behavior, mental and psychological behavior, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, tic disorder

CLC Number: 

  • R781.5+1


Tab 1

Common scales for screening mental disorders"

量表名称 适用人群 筛查目的
Achenbach儿童行为量表[36] 4~18岁的儿童及青少年 用于评估儿童各种精神病理学疾病,覆盖广泛
Conners父母症状问卷[37] 3~17岁儿童及青少年 用于评估儿童行为问题,特别是ADHD
SNAP-Ⅳ量表[38,39] 儿童及青少年ADHD患者 用于评估ADHD病情
Rutter儿童行为问卷 学龄期儿童 用于评估儿童的情绪、行为及精神问题
成人ADHD症状自评量表 成年人 用于成人ADHD筛查
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