国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (5): 614-620.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2021098

• 综述 • 上一篇    

机器人手术在头颈、耳鼻喉区域的发展现状

章杲威(),李春洁()   

  1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心 四川大学华西口腔医院头颈肿瘤外科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-26 修回日期:2021-06-15 出版日期:2021-09-01 发布日期:2021-09-10
  • 通讯作者: 李春洁
  • 作者简介:章杲威,硕士,Email: zhanggw0422@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金-深圳机器人基础研究中心项目(U1813-213);四川省科学技术厅应用基础研究项目(2021YJ0129)

Development of robotic surgery in otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Zhang Gaowei(),Li Chunjie()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Head and Neck Oncology, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2021-02-26 Revised:2021-06-15 Online:2021-09-01 Published:2021-09-10
  • Contact: Chunjie Li
  • Supported by:
    Union Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China and Shenzhen Robot Basic Research Center(U1813-213);Department of Science and Technology Application Fundamental Project of Sichuan Province(2021YJ0129)

摘要:

外科手术机器人具有优秀的可操作性,能为外科医生提供清晰的视野,辅助其在狭小的解剖空间内进行精准、微创的手术,在头颈、耳鼻喉区域具有强大的应用前景。相比于传统的开放手术,机器人手术避免了很多侵入性操作,能够降低手术对颌面部美观与功能的影响,改善患者术后生活质量。本文对近年来机器人手术技术在头颈、耳鼻喉外科的应用进行总结,归纳了在探索及实践过程中手术机器人存在的不足,并提出了未来可能的发展方向。

关键词: 口腔颌面外科, 机器人手术, 经口机器人手术, 颈淋巴清扫术, 机器人辅助手术, 耳鼻咽喉头颈外科

Abstract:

Surgical robots have superior operability, so they can provide surgeons with excellent vision, thereby enabling a precise and minimally invasive surgery in narrow anatomical spaces. Their application is widely described in otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery. In contrast to traditional methods, robotic surgery avoids more invasive procedures, consequently reducing the effects on esthetics and function. As a result, the postoperative life quality of patients improves. This article summarizes the application of robotic surgery in otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery in recent years, presents the shortcomings of surgical robots in exploration and practice, and proposes potential development directions.

Key words: oral and maxillofacial surgery, robotic surgery, transoral robotic surgery, neck dissection, computer assisted surgery, otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

中图分类号: 

  • R782.05
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