国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2011, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 279-282.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5749.2011.03.009

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

腭裂术后边缘性腭咽闭合不全的语音训练特点

陈晓容1  赵彪1  尹恒2   

  1. 1.重庆三峡中心医院口腔颌面外科万州404000; 2.四川大学华西口腔医院唇腭裂外科成都610041
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-05 修回日期:2011-03-14 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 尹恒,Tel:028-85502167
  • 作者简介:陈晓容(1981—),女,重庆人

The charactristics of speech training for postoperation cleft palate patients who have marginal velopharyngeal insufficiency after palatoplasty

CHEN Xiao-rong1, ZHAO Biao1, YIN Heng2.   

  1. 1. Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chongqing Three Qorges Centre Hospital, Wanzhou 404000, China; 2. Dept. of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2010-09-05 Revised:2011-03-14 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要:

目的探讨对腭裂术后边缘性腭咽闭合不全患者进行语音治疗的方法及其可行性。方法对15 例腭裂术后边缘性腭咽闭合不全的语音障碍患者,针对其腭咽闭合的情况和具体语音问题,进行个体化语音训练。结果每位患者的辅音都能准确发出,语音清晰度由平均49.53%提高至95.38%。结论腭裂术后边缘性腭咽闭合不全的语音障碍患者,通过针对性的训练,可以明显增强其软腭肌肉的动度,纠正不良发音习惯,掌握相应的发音技巧,使其语音水平接近或达到正常。

关键词: 腭裂术后, 边缘性腭咽闭合不全, 语音训练, 特点研究

Abstract:

Objective The intent of the research is to probe the methods and feasibilities of speech therapy to those patients who have marginal velophargngeal insufficiency after operation. Methods By means of research of samples, 15 patients with language handicaps suffered from concrete phonemic problems and sifuafims of velopharygneal closure were selected to take the pronunciation training according to their distinct pronunciation problems. Results The research results demonstrated that each patient can articulate consonant accurately and degree of clarity of pronunciation had increased from 49.53% to 95.38% on average. Conclusion Patients with language handicaps suffered from concrete phonemic problems and sifuafims of velopharygneal closure, through addressed training, reinforce the muscle of soft palate, collect the undesirable habit of pronunciation. They finally master the articulation skill and achieve a normal level of articulation.

Key words: cleft palate, marginal velopharyngeal insufficiency, speech training, research of charactristics

[1] 王晓萌,邝海,李鸿艺,李冬爽. 学龄前期与大龄腭裂患者术前辅音构音位置特点的比较研究[J]. 国际口腔医学杂志, 2017, 44(1): 37-40.
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