国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 403-407.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2018.04.006

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

错牙合畸形早期防治知信行的现状调查

张文旗1, 2, 王红1, 韩钰1, 杨双燕1, 王瑞芳1, 王春玲1   

  1. 1.山东大学口腔医院正畸科,山东省口腔组织再生重点实验室 济南 250012;
    2.泰安市口腔医院正畸科 泰安 271000
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-13 修回日期:2018-03-17 出版日期:2018-07-02 发布日期:2018-07-02
  • 通讯作者: 王春玲,教授,学士,Email:wangchl@sdu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张文旗,硕士,Email:429081267@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(81271140)

An investigation of parents’ knowledge-attitude-practice of early preventive and treatment for malocclusions

Zhang Wenqi1, 2, Wang Hong1, Han Yu1, Yang Shuangyan1, Wang Ruifang1, Wang Chunling1   

  1. 1. Dept. of Orthodontics, Stomatological Hospital of Shandong University, Shangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration, Jinan 250012, China;
    2. Dept. of Orthodontics, Stomatological Hospital of Taian, Taian 271000, China
  • Received:2017-10-13 Revised:2018-03-17 Online:2018-07-02 Published:2018-07-02
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81271140).

摘要:

目的 了解儿童家长关于错牙合畸形早期防治知信行(KAP)的现状,并分析其影响因素,为进一步针对性开展错牙合畸形早期防治健康教育,引导人们参与早期防治提供理论依据。方法 采用方便抽样方法,选取山东大学口腔医院就诊的儿童家长,进行错牙合畸形早期防治KAP问卷调查。结果 共发放问卷520份,回收有效问卷490份。KAP各维度平均得分分别为(14.68±8.21)、(29.97±6.45)、(32.16±7.04) 分; 多因素逐步回归分析,户口类型、文化程度对家长早期防治知识得分有影响;户口类型对家长信念得分有影响;父亲或母亲、家长是否接受过正畸治疗对家长行为得分有影响。结论 儿童家长错牙合畸形早期防治知识缺乏,态度和行为存在不足,因此有必要加强对儿童家长错牙合畸形早期防治知识的宣传。

关键词: 错牙合畸形, 早期防治, 知信行, 家长

Abstract:

Objective To investigate parents’ knowledge-attitudes-practice (KAP) of early preventive and treatment for malocclusions and analyze its influencing factors, further to provide theoretical basis for early prevention and treatment of health education and guide people to participate in early prevention and treatment.Methods By convenient sampling method, parents in Stomatological Hospital of Shandong University were selected and surveyed using KAP questionnaire.Results A total of 520 questionnaires were distributed, and 490 valid questionnaires were collected. The participants had an average score of 14.68±8.21 in knowledge, 29.97±6.45 in attitude, and 32.16±7.04 in practice. Multiple regression analysis showed that the account type and education level had an effect on the scores of knowledge. The type of account type had an effect on the scores of parents’ beliefs. Father or mother, whether parents received orthodontic treatment affect parents’ behavior score.Conclusion Parents have inadequate knowledge in early prevention and treatment of malocclusion and were poor in the attitudes and behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the early prevention and treatment propaganda work in children’s parents so as to improve the children’s oral health.

Key words: malocclusion, early preventive and treatment, knowledge-attitude-practice, parent

中图分类号: 

  • R783
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