国际口腔医学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (1): 17-21.doi: 10.7518/gjkq.2020014

• 方法介绍 • 上一篇    下一篇

截冠术:下颌第三磨牙保守拔除术

谢瑜1,周懿2()   

  1. 1. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心;四川大学华西口腔医学院 成都 610041
    2. 口腔疾病研究国家重点实验室 国家口腔疾病临床医学研究中心;四川大学华西口腔医院口腔颌面外科 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-17 修回日期:2019-10-11 出版日期:2020-01-01 发布日期:2020-01-01
  • 通讯作者: 周懿 E-mail:zy810523_0@126.com
  • 作者简介:谢瑜,硕士,Email: 983531863@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    四川大学青年教师科研启动基金(2017SCU11006)

Coronectomy: a conservative tooth extraction for mandibular third molar

Xie Yu1,Zhou Yi2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2019-06-17 Revised:2019-10-11 Online:2020-01-01 Published:2020-01-01
  • Contact: Yi Zhou E-mail:zy810523_0@126.com
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by Program for Research Initiation Fund for Young Teachers of Sichuan University(2017SCU11006)

摘要:

随着治疗观念的不断进步,拔牙术后并发症的预防成为口腔外科医生的重点关注话题。由下颌第三磨牙拔除造成的下牙槽神经永久性损伤而导致的下份面部感觉异常严重影响着患者的生活质量。20世纪末,截冠术从修复领域引入口腔外科领域,经过多年的实践,其在安全性、可操作性、并发症发生率等方面皆有良好的表现。本文通过对截冠术这一术式进行回顾性综述以期为下颌第三磨牙拔除的临床实践操作提供新思路。

关键词: 下颌第三磨牙, 截冠术, 下牙槽神经, 残根

Abstract:

The prevention of complications after exodontia has drawn increasing attention from oral surgeons. Malfunction of the inferior alveolar nerve, including paresthesia, following the extraction of the mandibular third molar extensively affects the quality of patients’ lives. At the end of the 20th century, coronectomy or intentional partial odontectomy was introduced into the oral surgical field from prosthodontics. This procedure has been proven to be effective in terms of safety, practicality, and complication rate after years of research and clinical application. This article aims to provide new insights into the practice of exodontia of the mandibular third molar by making a comprehensive review of coronectomy.

Key words: mandibular third molar, coronectomy, inferior alveolar nerve, residual root

中图分类号: 

  • R782.1
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